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The History of Scammell Trucks

The History of Scammell Trucks

Scammell began when the wheelwright, George Scammell of Spitalfields, London produced his small business.  Later on when the title of the firm grew to become G Scammell & Nephew, they have been included in the constructing and fix of craftsman crafted carts and vans.  In the early 1900s, they experienced built a substantial small business by advertising and maintaining Foden steam wagons and smaller trucks.

The outbreak of war in 1914 presented by itself as a turning point in highway transport heritage.  Mechanical transport was viewed to function, proving its huge potential past question to these types of forward imagining companies these types of as Scammell.

George Scammell’s excellent nephew, Lt Col Alfred Scammell was injured and invalided out of the army and he was ready to apply the realistic experience he had acquired during the war and commenced developing the articulated six wheeler, which commenced generation in 1920.  This motor vehicle was articulated and its quite lower axle bodyweight allowed it to carry 7½ ton payload at 12 mph fairly than becoming constrained to 5mph.  In 1921, a exam auto pulled a load of just below 8 tons up West Hill in Highgate in 2nd gear and managed 18mph on the flat.

By 1927, Scammell had strengthened their position by launching its very first cross-state car or truck that was identified as the Pioneer.  It was a 6×4 rigid, which experienced a walking beam bogie so that any of its 4 wheels could be lifted two feet without losing traction.  The mobility could be further increased by including a pushed entrance axle.

The early 1930s observed the output of the 3 wheeled ‘Mechanical Horse’, designed by Oliver North to swap horses in rail, postal and other delivery applications.  It featured automatic carriage coupling and the single front wheel could be steered through 360 degrees.  It was sold in 3 and 6 ton variations.  A 1125cc side valve petrol engine run the 3 ton variation and a 2043cc engine driven the 6 ton.

Scammell had been major of the variety, high priced and constructed in little portions.  The depression affected the business badly and it was in a bad monetary place in 1934.  Watford Council had assisted by ordering a pair of fireplace engines, but it was not enough, and it was Shell-Mex that injected money, but in return, they insisted on a management shake up which saw Alfred Scammell deprived of his Handling Director article.

During the Second Planet War, Scammell manufactured a large contribution to the war exertion by building large numbers of tank transporters, gun tractors and major restoration motor vehicles as effectively as fireplace pumps.

In the late 1940s, Scammell created the Scarab, which changed the ‘Mechanical Horse’ the Scarab experienced related attributes but had a fewer angular taxi and a 2090cc motor in both types as properly a diesel version, which showcased a Perkins motor.

In 1955, Scammell turned component of the Leyland Team and this provided completely ready entry to the Leyland engines, gearboxes and axles.  A gradual substitution for the light-weight vary by new types using Leyland engines had been the 4×2 Highwayman MU, the Routeman 8 wheeler and a 4×2 ahead control MU called the Handyman.

The beginning of the 1960s saw the introduction of the new Michelotti created glass fibre bolstered plastic cab for the Routeman, Handyman and the new twin steer Trunker.

The divisional reorganisation within just the Leyland Group experienced resulted in the name starting to be Scammell Motors, and the closure of Transport Gear (Thornycroft) in 1972 resulted in the Thornycroft Nubian assortment transferring to Scammell, alongside one another with the LD55 dump truck.

The late 1970s observed a surge in improvement and the delivery of the Contractor Mark 2 heavy hauler with an 18 litre, 425 hp Cummins engine and automated gearbox and the 1st Commander Tank Transporter for the British Military have been made.

Two developments by Leyland Motors at the conclude of the 1970s benefited Scammell.  Leyland wished to acquire two new significant automobile ranges, the overseas bonneted Landtrain and the British isles forward management Roadtrain that would element the new C40 tilt cab.

In view of Scammell’s knowledge, Leyland tasked them with the progress of the Landtrain and they were being equipped to use the similar cab and bonnet for the substitution for the Contractor.  The new range, the S24 was readily available in 6×4 and 6×6 formats.  The entire bodyweight variety was 40 ton to 200 ton GTW.   Leyland also entrusted the 8 wheeler edition of the Roadtrain, called the Constructor 8 to Scammell and this, at very last gave Scammell obtain to a present day tilt cab.  

A armed forces 6×6 variation with a Rolls Royce 350 motor, ZF computerized gearbox and Kirkstall axles followed, and this was available in 8×6 sort to the British Military in 1986 for the hooklift equipped DROPS car or truck prerequisite.   In 1987, Scammell acquired that the tender for 1522 this kind of vehicles was productive, but also that the Leyland Team experienced been acquired by DAF BV of Holland.  

DAF elected to construct the DROPS and selected S26 autos at the Leyland Plant and prepared to shut the Watford manufacturing unit.  

In July 1988, the Watford factory shut.  The S24 and the Nubian ranges, collectively with the rights to the Crusader and Commander had been bought to Unipower Ltd, who opened a new plant in West Watford.